Sarah Breedlove (December 23, 1867 – May 25, 1919), known as Madam C. J. Walker, was an American entrepreneur and philanthropist, regarded as the first female self-made millionaire in America. She made her fortune by developing and marketing a successful line of beauty and hair products for black women.
The first female self-made millionaire in the United States was a black woman. A contemporary of Ida B. Wells, she contributed heavily to the NAACP’s efforts to abolish lynching.