This working-class Mexican woman once owned a huge chunk of the greater Los Angeles area -- until she was cheated out of the deed.
When war and looting swept up Basra, she smuggled thirty thousand books from her library to save them from destruction.
A lack of a college degree and a child born out of wedlock couldn't stop this woman from saving the US Space Race with her custom rocket fuel.
She performed the experiment that overturned the law of conservation of parity and helped lead to the Standard Model of particle physics, while two men got the Nobel Prize for it.
After being refused the opportunity to defend her doctoral thesis due to Nazi anti-Semitism, she returned to it 77 years later.
Instead of waiting for politicians to bring down the much-maligned Confederate flag flying nearby the South Carolina capitol building, Bree Newsome got some climbing equipment and did it herself.